Saudi Arabia has constantly been faced with a shortage of nurses in the last three decades. This has on most occasions been followed by high rates of turnover.
There are some questions that have been asked time and again in the world of nursing, and the role of this research is to try and bring the answers to the minds of people, who have through the years asked the questions. Nursing education is a part and parcel of activity in the world of nursing, and its mandate of developing the staffing arena remains inevitable. Due to this fact, there is every reason to try and empower the present and upcoming nursing staff, so as to be in an efficient position to effectively fulfil their mandates.
The research seeks to answer some of the nagging questions in most people’s minds, like the roles of the organizations in recruiting and retaining the best nurses available, in the midst of a profound shortage in their nursing staff (Weinstein, 2007). The research will also seek to unfound the ways that organizations ought to bring the beginners or inexperienced nurses out of the shackles of newness and inexperience, into a world of great levels of professionalism, competency and proficiency, to be able to achieve the goals and objectives of patient care in the least time available and the resources at hand.
Saudi Arabia has constantly been faced with a shortage of nurses in the last three decades. This has in most occasions been followed by high rates of turnover. The highest number of Saudi nurses are the expatriate nurses who are in every health care facility in the country, and this has calculated to a partly 29.1 percent of Saudis in the entire nursing workforce combined (Sharon, 2004). This fact may be shocking to most of the Saudi natives, but it becomes even more shocking in the private health sector, since the percentage here is partly 4.1 of the whole workforce.
To this effect, it is undoubtedly clear that the Saudi people are faced with a mammoth task when presented with the challenge of developing the nursing staff. With the nurses expected to respond to a plethora of the new demands that arise each day due to the complex state of the healthcare system, the emergence of increased tasks like priorities in the finance arena, improvement in accountability, new regulations and the increased demands for professional standards, the task of empowering the nursing staff in Saudi is a daunting one for them.
The development of new staff through nursing education is the driving force towards successful planning in succession, reduction in unnecessary costs and management of priorities that are effective for competition. The practitioners are more than educators, since they lay great emphasis on efficiency, safety and effectiveness, while at the same time hastily ushering in assorted generations of nurses into practice (Downs, 1999). This is basically due to the fact that they have the ability to develop careers, understand certain principles in adult learning, transform management, strategic planning, and develop educational programs.
Significance of the study
The results of this study will equip us with the needed knowledge that will serve as a feedback to the population of the Saudi republic and will give the Saudi people, more so, the nursing fraternity, a platform where they can be able to gauge their true picture of the roles they have played in trying to empower the upcoming nurses, and how they have been involved in the development of the nursing staff altogether. This study will also act as a reprieve to the young ambitious people, who aspire to be nurses in future. They will have amicable research, where they will get to understand the nursing system in Saudi Arabia, and the things to anticipate when the chance comes along. It will act as a blueprint that will either make them continue pursuing their dreams of becoming nurses, or change to other professions if the profession or the way of empowering the nursing staff seems unfriendly to them.
The nurses and the administrators will be able to determine whether the level of developing staff meets international standards or not. The results thereafter will allow the administrators to uncover the areas that need urgent or long term solutions, based on the extent of the problems and the programs that ought to be implemented to be able to solve those problems. By implementing the necessary changes, the administrators will encourage more and more people to join the nursing arena, through the improved staff development procedures that will be a great motivation to aspiring nurses. The results will also act as a basis for future development in the nursing system of Saudi Arabia and will equip them with better skills to make sound decisions and implement workable policies (Kerfoot, 1998). These results will further aid in developing community health and promotion of health care in the country.
In this study, both quantitative and qualitative research will be used and it will focus predominantly on an experimental nature. The assessment of needs will be carried out through interviews and observation. Data relating to the nursing profession in Saudi Arabia will be obtained from the already existing literature, ranging from the documents in the ministry of health, health institutes and health centres, to the respective hospitals through online databases like Medline, Saudi databases of health, Health journals in Saudi, Google scholar, Relevant texts and CINAHL (Nancy, 2009). Data will be collected in the order in which they pertained to the Saudi M.O.H services, and this ranges from the social system, nursing research and services, managerial and organizational activities, and arrangement of the formal organization and the employees. The information obtained will then be scrutinized through analytic induction to uncover its relevance and will later be convened in a thematic basis.
Downs, F. (1999). Essential nursing care: a workbook for clinical practice. New York: Lippincott William and Wilkins.
Kerfoot, K. (1998). The journal of continuing education in nursing. Journal of Nursing, 29 (1), 59–62.
Nancy, R. (2009). 101 Global leadership lessons for nurses. New York: Lippincott William and Wilkins.
Sharon, M. (2004). Practical guide for general nursing science. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Weinstein, S. (2007). Nursing without borders. New York: Sage.