Nursing can be described as the science of human health networks whose orientation is on human problems. The scope of the nursing profession is based on the fulfilment of the healthcare needs of the community through building effective collaborations with the community. According to Reed and Shearer (2007), nurses are required to support the society in overcoming and adapting to the dynamic environment by optimizing their potential and their role in the healthcare system Whether the healthcare services are given at the hospital or at home, the effects of the disease to the family, and also those of the family to the patient are ultimately the considerations of the nurse. Besides caring for the patient, the nurse ought to consider his/her health by avoiding fatigue under all circumstances, as this condition has been evidenced as being harmful both to the nurse and the patient. On this basis, nursing science can be considered as the science of personal and familial health ecology (Donaldson, 2002).
Since the family is among the fundamental entities of the society, it is considered as the central focus for attention by the nurse. As noted by Weiss et al (2002), the nurse tries to investigate the general impact of the sickness or welfare towards the social system before employing the appropriate procedures of combating the ailment. This implies that, the nurse should be well informed about the national health system like the most popular health problems in the community, as well as the national health objectives and strategies to deal with common diseases. Harrington et al (2005) noted that, social environment and health are highly related, since human health ecology is based on environment, circumstances and family health trends inclusive of all type of social stratification. As a result, such roles of the nurse require him/her to have rich knowledge on health science, change theories and crisis management strategies. In this regard, nursing science can be considered as being largely embedded on familial heath ecology.
As noted by Donaldson (2002), nursing science is largely concerned with human health, which remains inseparable from the environment. Nursing, as an expertise service and as a basic part of the health service is usually considered as an instrument and science in giving comprehensive bio-psycho-social-cultural tending care to individuals and the community at large. Omery et al (1995) argues that, nursing offers support to the individuals who undergo weakness as a result of inabilities acquired from the environment. Basically, nursing assistance is aimed at providing key health services to instill change in the health-care system which in turn enables families to achieve a good life. As a result, nursing science can be described as being embedded to personal and familial human health ecology.
Further, Reed and Shearer (2007) proposes that nursing is a science developmental knowledge of observing, classifying and associating processes of health management. Harrington et al (2005) considers nursing science as an intellectual, technical and interpersonal skill of health-care practice, which is founded on the principle of social and behavioral skills. Since all these aspects are incorporated in the nursing care process, nursing practices can be considered as being build on human health ecology. This is on the basis that, the nursing conjecture and conception are executed in the segments of nursing research, forecasting, and evaluation scientific process in health care. Further, nursing activities are autonomously and interdependently realized through health support, disease prevention, health resurgence, and provision of treatment services to the sick.
Moreover, nurses have the obligation of maintaining health status in accordance to the authority, professional accountability and ethics. As noted by Weiss et al (2002), nursing fatigue is one of the well known issues facing the nursing profession which impacts directly on the patient care quality as well as to the nurse’s well being. Nursing science has largely explored on how mental and physical exhaustion of nurses affects adversely the concentration capacity of the nurses largely. To facilitate quality healthcare provision, nurses need to embrace the ethical principles of not working when fatigued. According to the Institute of Medicine (2003), ecological studies of health care indicated that nursing practices are rooted on people-environment interaction, making nursing science be considered as being health-oriented. Though nursing researches have shown how the social setting of health care lacks the capacity to yield health, nursing science remains as the ultimate science of personal and familial human health ecology.
As it has been observed in this paper, human health bionetwork is based on the context, situation and the conditions of personal and the family health trends, which includes all types of social stratification. Since nursing science is largely concerned with human health, it is inseparable from the environment where health is instituted. Quite importantly, family social environments are considered as the focal areas for nursing practices since nurses need to understand the phenomenal causes of diseases, as well as the legal trends facing healthcare. It can thus be argued that nursing science is the discipline of individual and familial human wellbeing ecology.
Donaldson, S. (2002). Nursing science defined in less than 10 words. Journal of Professional Nursing, Vol.18 (2), p.61, 112.