Sea Turtles In Marine Ecology Free Research Essay

I am studying sea turtles in marine ecology. My main focus is on the effects of human behaviour on the marine ecology impacting sea turtles specifically. It has been claimed for a long time that human activities have caused a significant impact on the marine ecology at large and as well the population of sea turtles. The sea turtles population has decreased significantly due to human influences on the marine ecology to a threatening level.  Taking this into consideration, my research question is; Has human behaviour caused the population of sea turtles to decrease in recent years? This is because I intend to find out the precise human activities that affect the marine ecology leading to the decrease in sea turtles population. This research question significant since it will help my reader to have an understanding on how human behaviors directly or indirectly impact the marine ecology and the sea turtles population negatively. This research question is feasible because it is clear and it is based on the field of marine ecology which is has my case studies, research conducted and a lot of literature reviews undertaken. The research question is therefore answerable since there are several scholarly resources of studies and reports that talks about the same issue. 

Annotated Bibliography

Brei, Michael, et al. “Environmental Pollution and Biodiversity: Light Pollution and Sea Turtles in the Caribbean.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, vol. 77, 2016, pp. 95–116.

This journal of 2016 by Brei, Pérez-Barahona and Scrobl, examines the effects of pollution on biodiversity through the study of the impacts of the coastal light pollution leading to the decreased population of the Caribbean Sea turtles. The authors focused in gathering a collection of sea turtle nesting as well night light measure formed out of a satellite. Having control from the surveyor effort, the economic facilities as well as spatial spillovers identifies that light at night substantially minimizes the population of sea turtles. The study undertaken identified that sea turtles replacement cost has raised suggesting that the increased lighting at night for the last 2 decades has led to the loss of about 1800 Caribbean Sea turtles, causing a loss of approximately $288 million. Moreover, the study discovered that imperative impact of nighttime light on sea turtles in the coming generations is more probable to increase. This journal is helpful in answering my research question. This is because the journal’s study identifies one of the human activities that contribute to decrease of sea turtles population. It has mentioned that nighttime light, is a human activity that has been determined to cause significantly result in the population of the sea turtles. This has helped to answer my research question.

Buckner EV, et al. “Conserving Connectivity: Human Influence on Subsidy Transfer and Relevant Restoration Efforts.” Ambio, vol. 47, no. 4, 2018, pp. 493–503.

According to the 2018 research by Buckner, Hernandez and Samhouri, they laid their focus on the conservation efforts since they emphasize on the direct effects that human beings contribute to the environment around them. Due to the recent research found in their case studies on ecological subsidies, has emphasized the significance to maintain nutrient exchange in order to ensure productivity and as well identifying the vulnerable subsidies on human behaviors. With regards to the author’s review, they assert and demonstrate how that human behavior change or eliminate nutrients and energy flow between ecosystems through their influence on the way of delivering  subsidies as they get transferred. The study suggests that restoration of subsidy needs diverse actions to reverse the means of degradations. This journal is relevant to my study and is very important since it answers part of my research question. This is because it creates a connection and illustrates how human behavior change or eliminate nutrients and energy flow between ecosystems through their influence on the way of delivering  subsidies as they get transferred. This answers my research question on how human behavior impacts sea turtles’ population.

Eagle, Lynne, et al. “The Role of Social Marketing, Marine Turtles and Sustainable Tourism in Reducing Plastic Pollution.” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 107, no. 1, 2016, pp. 324–332.

According to Eagle, Hamann, and Low (2016) plastic pollution on the environment is a very critical threat and danger to sea turtles as well as human well-being. The main focus of this journal is to undertake examination of previous sea turtle protection strategies to determine gaps and identify research opportunities as well as social media marketing strategy opportunity as a way of minimizing the effects of plastic pollution on sea turtles. The authors describe plastic to being problematic for a number of reasons including; plastics are composed of petroleum products thus being fossil fuel which have impact on climate change. The authors have utilized the transdisciplinary approach in drawing together conclusions different disciplines to show the main environmental pollution and by doing so determine that human activities of producing and reckless dumping of plastic material is the main environmental pollution impacting sea turtles.  This journal relates to my research question and is very helpful since it answers  my research question by identifying and giving an explanation of how plastic pollution caused by human activities are environmental pollutants that leads to the reduction of sea turtles population.

Fuentes, MMPB, and J. E. Cinner. “Using Expert Opinion to Prioritize Impacts of Climate Change on Sea Turtles’ Nesting Grounds.” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 91, no. 12, 2010, pp. 2511–2518.

According to Fuentes, MMPB, and Cinner (2010), managers together with conservationists usually require to prioritize the effects of climate change to mitigate in their list of threats. The main focus of this journal is on sea turtles management as they encounter climate change. The author asserts that the sea turtle life stages is capable of being affected negatively by different climatic processes like changed cyclonic activity, alleviated sand temperatures, and sea levels variation.  To address their research question, they provide a systematic strategy of elicit expert knowledge in estimating the relative effect of climate process on sea turtle’s reproduction process. They identifies that increase in sand temperature causes the biggest threat to the sea turtles’ reproduction system, preceded by the rising sea levels as well as the changed cyclonic processes. The concept of managing sea turtle as they encounter climate change that is focused on in this journal relates to my research question which my focus is to determine how human activities or behavior contribute to reduction sea turtle population. This journal answers my research question as it determines that managers and conservationist play a role in conservation of sea turtle’s population by prioritizing the effects of climate change so as to effectively mitigate in their list of threats.

Pegas, Fernanda de Vasconcellos, et al. “For Love or for Money? Investigating the Impact of an Ecotourism Programme on Local Residents’ Assigned Values towards Sea Turtles.” Journal of Ecotourism, vol. 12, no. 2, 2013, pp. 90–106.

According to Pagas, Coghlan, Stronza and Rocha (2013), conservation efforts and initiatives have been pushed for several years for the sake of economic benefit such as ecotourism. The authors’ main focus is to determine the aspects driving people to advocate for conservation initiatives with regards to behaviors and values. The conceptual model which the study adopted is the assigned values model to give an explanation of behaviors and values formulation in relation to sea turtles in TAMAR, a Brazilian ecotourism project. The study identifies village breaches to be main nesting sites for the sea turtles and due to the uncontrolled human behavior of regular traditional harvesting it has been a threat to sea turtles population. This journal is important to my research question since it answers it by explaining how human behavior of uncontrolled traditional regular harvesting of sea turtles leads to the decrease in sea turtle population. It further expounds the understanding of the cause of human behavior on the reduction of sea turtle population by relating the economic perception of humans towards sea turtles and the ecological perception towards sea turtles therefore creating a good understanding on human activities that impact sea turtles population.