Abuse and neglect of children have been a devastating issue in the American society. Several cases of child abuse being reported and little or no effort being taken by individuals, communities and child protection institutions to address this issue (” A Framework for Program Evaluation,” n.d.). To address these issues, a collaborative community-based child abuses and neglect prevention program was established to come up with appropriate intervention measure to prevent and stop child abuse. Child abuse interventions are therefore addressed in a collaborative approach. The program has come up with various intervention measure to help protect children against child abuse and neglect. Therefore, this paper is a plan evaluating the proposed interventions by this collaborative community-based child abuse and neglect prevention program.
This evaluation process takes on the needs assessment and outcome evaluation approach. The purpose of the needs assessment and outcome evaluation plan is to ensure that the interventions proposed by the program are well planned to be effective through delivering accessible, integrated and responsive services to children and the community needs (Canali, Vecchiato, & Whittaker, 2008). The evaluation begins with needs assessment whereby it identifies the actual needs and requirements needed in the community which helps in focusing the intervention to the child abuse issues that needs to be addressed. It is alleged that there is need to build a collaborative society whereby all stakeholders coordinate to ensure effectiveness in delivering child protection services. There are insufficient funds to run the program therefore, there is need to raise funds to facilitate the processes of the program. The community lacks support from the government; government support is needed particularly from child protection institutions. Parents and guardian’s active participation in the protection of children is also required and punishment.
Using the outcome evaluation is important in facilitating the identification of the strength-points and flaws program anticipated will have. Members involved need to concentrate on child abuse prevention and neglect by providing individual support for affected families and the program and also giving providing a quick and early responsive intervention to assist victims and affected families immediately when the abuse occurs. Funds have to be raised to finance the process but first identifying potential sponsors and means to raise funds. The teams shall ensure that it promotes child abuse and neglect awareness in the community through parent and adult education and support groups.
This paper takes on the post-test only evaluation design. The effectiveness of the program shall be based on the post-test only evaluation design whereby the interventions shall be applied to the community which is the control group to and then later tested to see its effectiveness (“Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect”, n.d.). The target or control group is the community. A multi-disciplinary team including social workers, child welfare workers, community leaders, community nurses, volunteer members of the community, parents, and guardians shall spearhead the process of this program. Members and volunteers of the program will offer individual support to the victims and take an active participation in raising an alarm when incidences of child abuse and neglect occur. These members and volunteers shall act in a dual educative and supportive role in ensuring the safety of children. Involvement of political leaders and call for government support shall be considered to back up the process. Improving the accessibility of Child Welfare Centers needs to be considered by establishing them near the community for easy access by the people in the community to report cases on child-abuses and negligence. Victims of child abuse will be provided by a council and advise and parents and guardians that are perpetrators of child abuse needs be advised to seek advice from professional consultants for further help on stress management.
Paper-based formal questionnaires have to be used in the gathering of relevant user data. Questionnaires are the most preferred data collection method because it protects the privacy of the participants, it is relatively cheap and as well collects a lot of information needed that will facilitate the activities of the program (Canali et al., 2008). Only new data shall be used. A proper questionnaire needs to be developed as per the objectives, the desired number and the type of participants required. Questions for the questionnaire have to be precise and clear to communicate the message. Most of the questions have to be closed-ended questions have to be used in order direct the respondents to provide the specific information that was needed. Some open questions will be constructed to get individual opinions from the respondents about child abuse and neglect. Demographics had to be included in the questions.
The questionnaire needs to be tested first in order to determine if the participants will understand. Ensure that the questionnaire communicates the relevant information on child abuse and neglect. After ensuring the questionnaire is ready, members of the program shall distribute the questionnaires to respondents randomly to fill in the questionnaire and return them back for analysis. After the exercise, all questionnaires will be collected and data filled by the respondents will be recorded for use. However, there is likely to be a threat to internal validity of the data collected as there can be a number of repeating respondents and as well respondents providing false information (Canali et al., 2008). The threat to external validity may include data management of questionnaire forms due to rain or the forms getting torn thus leading to distortion of the information collected.
To achieve an effective intervening program needs assessment and outcome evaluation proposal has to be done. With the above evaluation proposal, this collaborative program based at community level and aimed at combating child abuses has been deemed as a success for prevention of child abuse and neglect. The post-test only design and the questionnaire will assist in collecting independent data for the target community and thus ensure that appropriate intervention on child abuse and neglect thus being effective.