The history of Australia for Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders is characterized by demoralizing land dispossessions, violence, and great racial discriminations. Nevertheless, over the past decades, Australia has made recommendable steps toward reconciliation. A Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation was formed to look into the relationship of indigenous and non-indigenous Australians in matters of prejudice, discrimination, and racial discrimination. So far, the race relations have improved. The Australian government has invested in programs that aim at closing the gap that exists in health, education, and economic sectors between the Aboriginals and non-indigenous people, and those sectors have improved for the indigenous people. However, a perfect state of equity and equality has not been attained. Political, business and societal institutions have all integrated to seek reconciliation. Historical acceptance has not yet been achieved in totality. The resistance in contemporary society has been the ideological differences between the political leaders (Reconciliation Australia, 2016).
Contemporary Australia is shaped by what went on in the past, and therefore, with the Australian history of racism, contemporary society has inherited this. A type of racism is founded here in what is termed as existential racism where people harbor ill feelings to a certain race owing to what they perceive as an ill done by someone from that particular race unto their own. The historical racial relationship between indigenous and non-indigenous people and Australian anti-Asian racial discrimination have re-emerged and formed a type of racism called numerological racism where for example, a white person seems discontent when a certain group of immigrants says Muslims come to their neighborhood. This type of racism in contemporary Australia has been towards immigrant Africans and Indians. This can be termed as a cultural inheritance of the English colonial perception of Africa and India which has seeped into the whites in Australia (Hage, 2014).
Peter Buckskin’s article in The Conversation in addressing the gap in education and healthcare in Australia decries the irresponsibility of political leadership that has affected health and education for all Australians (Buckskin, 2018). Giving his experience in Indigenous education, he proposes a practical solution that could aid in the reduction of the gap in education and healthcare. He posits that tackling various disparities in education requires redress of the key sociocultural determinants that in the long run affect the two aspects. He quotes the WHO as to give his view on the relationship between education and healthcare. His claim that allotment of funds in 2011 to initiatives aimed at bridging the gap on education should have first identified key players in education is a good step as it could have rallied support for the governments’ efforts. Further, his position on the significance of role models in classroom areas has good impacts on the effort to bridge the gap in education (Buckskin, 2018).