The Nazca Lines are giant geoglyphs found in Peruvian coastal plain collectively grouped together. They are motifs or designs engraved into the ground. They are 2000 years old and can be viewed efficiently from aerial view due to their large size (Nazca Lines,2). The Nazca Lines still remains a mystery to me. There are three types of Nazca Line which include; pictorial representations, straight lines and also geometric designs (Zellon, 8). These lines have more than three hundred geometric designs including basic shapes like, wavy lines, arrows, zigzags, trapezoids, triangles and rectangles.
It is believed that the Paracas, Nazca and Chavin culture created the geoglyphs. The most amazing thing is that these lines were created the Rio Grande desert plains (The Nazca Lines, 17). This must have been very difficult to dig lines in a desert. I once tried to dig a trench at my home to drain stagnant water. I dug a shallow trench for only two meters and I was so tired that I gave up. I could no longer stand the heat from the sun that was hitting on my back. Moreover, I was so exhausted and got some painful blisters on the palms of my hand. So, keeping in mind such an experience, I wonder how the creators of the Nazca Lines experience when making these lines. It is incredible on how they would manage to create these geoglyphs covering about 75,000 hectares and to make the matter worse they did all these under the harsh weather condition of the desert (The Nazca Line, 21). I live in a place with favorable weather conditions and I could barely last for two hours when digging the trench but for them they made it in a desert.
There are various theories that explain the function of the Nazca Lines. The calendar theory, suggesting that the lines made are the schedule and the worlds map (The UnMuseum). Essentially, these lines where utilized in the observation of the sun and moon’s movement (Zellon, 22). The Negroid Slaves theory suggests that the lines were created by the Negroid Slaves during the revolution which explains the zigzag formations.