Considering the purpose of a phenomenon is consciously requesting the meaning of such a phenomenon. The purpose of phenomenology is therefore embedded in the intuitive perception of a subject towards an object under consideration.
In clearer terms, the concept of phenomenology deals with the study and telling of the appearance of things simply the way they appear or the way they are being felt.
The dynamism of phenomenology is rooted in its importance to philosophy and the significance of sharing a first-person perspective story.
Therefore, the purpose of phenomenology is rooted in the story of the research in question; and the narrative such research would take.
In other words, phenomenology in philosophy deals with ‘what’ the about-to-be narrated experience is, that is, its relevance; and ‘how’ the experience would be narrated as an important feature of the research and its understanding.
It should be noted here that the purpose of phenomenology has its concept from philosophy. It could be regarded as a field, or discipline in philosophy and it can also be expressed as a philosophical movement in its wholeness. This is because of its significance to philosophical research.
At this, giving purpose to phenomenology is giving consciousness to the naming and appearance of things. The word has its origin in phenomena, that is, the appearance of things.
Hence, phenomenology base its perspective on the consciousness of a person telling a story or writing reports of the research. Phenomenology bothers on the study and structures of human experience.
The experience in question stretches from individual perception, thought, intuition, imagination, feelings, intentional singular awareness, social consciousness, and activities; which boils down to the significance of the individual self-consciousness in understanding the human mind through the individual significant narrative.
Linguistic abilities are also a feature of development under the tentacles of phenomenology. The structure of the awareness that influences the purpose of phenomenology is regarded by Husserl as “intentionality.” By this, he meant that the consciousness of feeling and the consciousness of reacting to it or documenting it should be intentional.
Humans cannot possibly react to an experience they haven’t carried out yet. It isn’t feasible. An experience is reacted to after the activity. Thus, the intentionality of man’s consciousness reflects in the form of expressing his experience.
He is aware of the mediums and the dimensions his ‘self’ operates, hence, he reports it as a live experience that is objective to him.
The complex nature of phenomenology sets in here. Finding various perspectives on the conditions of man through the first-person-perspective reports paints a clear picture of man’s individuality. That is the subjective nature and individuality of our reports.
Although, as important as this report is, human biases and prejudice are embedded in the sincere narrative of a conscious individual. Such research and narrative from the individual aren’t expected to be objective (in the objective sense of objectivity) while, at the same time, it is not desired –by the author– to a subjective piece of his experience and how he felt it.
This is why it is complex. Knowing that the first-person point of view is important and the conditions of telling the experience are relevant to it, the limitations are tilted towards the content and its perspective towards the experience. Although, this is what phenomenology truly is.
However, humans experience things differently. Man experience love differently, man thinks, feel, express and explore activities and emotions differently. This difference is the focus of phenomenology.
It’s simply telling a philosopher to write just how he feels about the human experience. It is simply focusing on a man’s consciousness and awareness of a particular object. The uniqueness of phenomenology is in the experience and the fact that we live through it as much as we perform it.
What is a person’s experience if he doesn’t live through it, and neither has he performed it? This isn’t limited to feeling such experience, it extends to seeing it or having a reflection about it as well as considering the experiences. This doesn’t necessitate the immediacy of such a person being the first (and only) recipient of the experience.
THE PURPOSE OF PHENOMENOLOGY
The purpose of a thing is interpreted by our experience of such a thing as well as our relationship with its relevance. At this, the purpose deserving of this philosophical movement will be examined below:
Clarity and enlightenment of a certain event from the first-person point of view. The importance of individual perspective to different events or experiences is mirrored in its interpretations.
This sincere perspective can only be achieved, for clarity and enlightenment, by expressing an event the way it appears to the subject.
As phenomenology considers research, a philosopher can gather sources from different persons through interviews, debates or friendly discussions.
In listening to tons of individual perspectives towards an object, he is taken into the narrator’s narrative and another person’s experience. Within this magic is the purpose of phenomenology.
The magic is more potent, however, when in the moment of listening, another person’s experience becomes his by the virtue of the great first-person point of view narrative. By this, the originality of this experience is retained.
Therefore, when the documentation commences, the fresh perspective to the gathered knowledge (or the appearance of it) is fused with the philosopher’s and what is documented is not just a singular experience but the plurality of experiences expressed by a singular consciousness.
Another important purpose of phenomenology is the emphasis on personal experience and perception of it. At this, the understanding of personal experience is nurtured by the influence and consciousness of such experience.
All of which come from the awareness and the intentionality of sharing the experience. The main fascination with individual experiences is hence rooted in the understanding of a researcher’s study. Thereby, sieving the researcher’s biases and also understanding the research without personal biases.
The purpose and aim of phenomenology are to describe events and experiences (within themselves) through the first-person narrative. To allow personal understanding and past in exploring and expressing the experience.
Of course, there could be the fusion of what is real and what is ideal in this report, it remains an excellent feature of phenomenology as it makes man understand how reality can be influenced by a tint of memory and imagination.
It should be regarded that this philosophy came into existence in the early 20th century by different philosophers. Philosophers extended but not limited to Edmund Husserl, Jean-Paul Satre, Martin HeideggerThe Purpose of Phenomenology, and others.
This movement has specified the philosopher’s conception and comprehension of events. It has given remarkable significance to individuality in the writing and understanding of humans and their experiences.